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Bachelor of Education or more commonly referred to as BEd is a bachelor’s degree program that can be pursued by students from Arts, Commerce, as well as Science stream. This program has different connotations in India and abroad. In India, this course is considered to be a professional degree that opens the multifarious options that one can choose to get into the world of education and teaching. Though in most of the countries abroad, it is treated as an undergraduate degree in the arena of education that would though improve the candidate’s understanding of education-related fields, but not necessarily entail a career in teaching. Let us now explore more details pertaining to the course.
Understanding Bachelor of Education
The BEd is a professional degree program that ranges from 3-4 years and is aimed at improving the skills and competency of an individual in order to equip them with the befitting knowledge about education. This program is structured to develop a perspective of the candidate to analyze teaching and learning, contemporary education systems around the world or at least of the particular country, to introduce the students with the curriculum and pedagogies, critical understanding of creating an inclusive environment and move beyond the societal biases and broaden our horizon.
Bachelor of Education (B.Ed)
|Duration of the Course||2 years|
|Eligibility Criteria||Applicants must be a graduate/postgraduate in any relevant field from a recognized University|
|Course Fee||INR 10,000 to 5 lakhs (in India)|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 3-7 lakhs|
|Entrance Exams||DU B.Ed, IGNOU B.Ed, IPU CET, Bihar B.Ed CET, UP B.Ed JEE, etc|
|Job Positions Offered||Education Researcher, Counsellor, School Teachers, Education Consultant, Research Assistant, etc|
Type of B.Ed Degree
|Type of B.Ed Degree||Description|
|Full-Time B.Ed||A full-time B.Ed is a two-year professional program for individuals who wish to teach at the secondary school level (primary or secondary). The vast majority of candidates enroll in a full-time B.Ed program. Various state organizations and institutions hold admission tests for the full-time BEd program. The top BEd admission exams are RIE CEE, DU BEd Entrance Exam, IPU CET, and others.|
|Online B.Ed||Certificate courses are available for online B.Ed courses. The online course might last anywhere from a few hours to a few months. Admission to online B.Ed courses is offered all year and is done on a first-come, first-served basis. There may be a deadline for batch entry in some circumstances.|
|Distance B.Ed||Distance B.Ed is a two-year correspondence professional degree done by working professionals who are unable to enroll in a full-time B.Ed program. Distance B.Ed courses recognized by the UGC’s Distance Education Board (DEB) are legitimate and accepted for employment in government and private universities. Distance B.Ed admission is based on a merit list or an entrance examination. The different universities administer the admission test for distance B.Ed programs. For example, IGNOU, one of the most popular institutions for distance B.Ed programs, has its own entrance test.|
B.Ed Eligibility Criteria
Before applying to the course, candidates must be aware about the required eligibility criteria for admission to B.Ed. Given below are some of the important eligibility criteria for B.Ed course:
- Educational Qualification: Candidates need to have completed their graduation in any stream (that is, Arts, Science or Commerce) in order to fulfill B.Ed eligibility criteria. However, most popular B.Ed colleges allow candidates to take part in their admission process for B.Ed course if they have graduated with at least 50-55% aggregate marks at the UG level.
- Age Limit: For B.Ed admissions in a majority of colleges, there is no age bar. However, admission process of some B.Ed colleges require candidates to be minimum 19 years in age.
Required Skillset for B.Ed
After completing B.Ed course, candidates are eligible to be hired as teachers. So, before pursuing this course it is worth knowing whether one has the aptitude to make a difference in this field or not. Thus, aspirants wanting to pursue a B.Ed course need to ensure that they possess the below mentioned skills:
Good communication skills
Good organisational skills
Critical thinking ability
B.Ed Admission Process & Entrance Exams
B.Ed admission in a majority of colleges and universities is done on the basis of entrance exams. The pattern of popular B.Ed entrance exams is such that aspirants need to attempt questions from two or three sections. The first section tests the language proficiency and the remaining sections test the domain knowledge and reasoning aptitude of candidates. Some popular B.Ed entrance exams aspirants should consider giving are:
IGNOU B.Ed Entrance Test
Candidates can view the list of other popular Teaching & Education entrance exams conducted in India here.
It may be noted that after clearing B.Ed, candidates also need to appear for Teacher Eligibility Tests (TETs) if they wish to be recruited as teachers in government schools such as Kendriya Vidyalayas (KVs) and Sarvodaya Vidyalayas (SVs). Some of the popular TETs conducted in India are:
|CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test)||UPTET (Uttar Pradesh Teacher Eligibility Test)|
|APTET (Andhra Pradesh Teacher Eligibility Test)||TSTET (Telangana State Teacher Eligibility Test)|
|OTET (Odisha Teacher Eligibility Test)||KTET (Kerala Teacher Eligibility Test)|
The B.Ed Syllabus is designed in such a way that students are well-versed in the problems that they would confront during their professional careers. The B.Ed syllabus has been modified in such a manner that applicants begin to grasp that teaching is about more than just finishing the syllabus, but also about communication and proper knowledge transfer. The whole B.Ed course/curriculum is structured into four semesters, each lasting 5-6 months. Although the B.Ed syllabus differs from university to university, the table below has been made to provide candidates an idea of the typical BEd syllabus.
|Semester 1||Semester 2|
|Childhood and Growing Up||Learning and Teaching|
|Language across the Curriculum||Pedagogy of School Subject-1 – Part II|
|Pedagogy of School Subject-1 – Part I||Pedagogy of School Subject-2 – Part II|
|Contemporary India and Education||Assessment for Learning|
|Pedagogy of School Subject-2 – Part I||Knowledge and Curriculum|
|Understanding ICT and Its Application||School Attachment|
|School Exposure||Community living camp|
|Field Engagement activities||–|
|Semester 3||Semester 4|
|Pre internship||Reading and Reflecting on Texts|
|Internship||Gender, School and Society|
|Engagement with the Field: Tasks and Assignments related to the internship||Arts in Education|
|–||Creating an Inclusive School|
|–||Health, Yoga and Physical Education|
|–||Engagement with the Field: Tasks and Assignments|
B.Ed Careers & Jobs
On completing Bachelor of Education, aspirants can become teachers at the primary, secondary and senior secondary levels in private schools. In order to be recruited in governemnt schools, students need to appear for national- or state-level teacher eligibility tests (TETs) such as CTET, UPTET, APTET and TSTET. Some of the job opportunities in private and government sectors after pursuing B.Ed are listed below in the table
|Jobs in Private Sector after B.Ed||Jobs in Government Sector after B.Ed|
|Educational Counsellor||Primary School Teacher|
|Content Writer||PGT (Post Graduate Teacher)|
|Online Tutor||SA (School Assistant)|
|Researcher||Central Government Teacher|
It may be noted that in order to be hired as an Assistant Professor or Professor at the college/university level, candidates need to appear for National Eligibility Tests (NETs) such as UGC NET and CSIR NET.
BEd Courses and Specialisations
Though a Bachelor of Education may open diverse career paths for you, with the aid of specialization, you would be able to complement your education with research projects and become a refined professional. You would have an area that would be your stronghold and narrow your vision to unique career goals. Hence, depending upon whether you want to work in elementary education, primary, secondary or senior-secondary education or become a lecturer at a university level or go into the field of administration in educational institutions, you can proceed with your specializations mentioned below:
- BEd Economics
- BEd in Secondary Education
- BEd Home Science
- BEd (Teaching) Early Childhood
- BEd Special Education
- BEd Information Technology
- BA (Hons) Education Studies
- BA in Elementary Education
- BA (Hons) Childhood, Youth and Education Studies
- Bachelor of Teaching Early Childhood Education
- BA in Philosophy and Modern Languages
- BA (Hons) in Childhood Studies
- BSc Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method
- BSc (Hons) Education and Psychology
- Bachelors in Teacher Education
- BA Religious Studies, Archeology and Education Studies
- BA in Education (Special Education)
- BFA Teaching Certification
- BS in Elementary Grades Education
- BA in Child Development
Popular colleges in India for Bachelor in Education
Here is a list of some prominent and reputed colleges in India that are offering B.Ed programs:
- Delhi University, New Delhi
- Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi
- Guru Nanak College Of Education, New Delhi
- Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi
- Kamal Institute Of Higher Education & Advance Technology, New Delhi
- Amity Institute Of Education, New Delhi
- Loreto College, Kolkata
- Banaras Hindu University, UP
- Central University of Rajasthan, Rajasthan
- U P Rajarshi Tandon Open University, UP
- Centre for Distance and Open Learning, Jamia Millia Islamia
- Karnataka State Open University, Bangalore
- Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya
Universities to Pursue Bachelor of Education
The thing with learning is that if you are learning, then, learn from the best. Hence, if you are progressing in the direction of attaining a BEd degree, then, the colleges enlisted below might interest you:
- Stanford University
- University of Hong Kong
- Harvard University
- University of Oxford
- University of California, Berkeley
- University of Cambridge
- Peking University
- University of Toronto
- University College London
- University of Melbourne
- Taiwan University of Science and Technology
- Chinese University of Hong Kong
- Utrecht University
- Nanyang Technological University
Important FAQs related to B.Ed Course
Q. What is B.Ed?
Q. What is the maximum age limit for B.Ed?
Q. What is the duration of B.Ed course?
Q. Which subjects are taught in B.Ed course?
- Learning and Teaching
- Gender, School and Society
- Assessment for Learning
- Pedagogy of a School Subject
- Childhood and Growing Up
- Creating an Inclusive School
Q. Is B.Ed a good career option?
Q. How do I become a teacher?
Q. How to choose a subject in B.Ed?
Q. Can I pursue B.Ed right after passing Class 12?
Q. Can I get a teaching job without B.Ed?
Q. What is the salary after passing B.Ed?
Q. Will I get a government teaching job after passing B.Ed?